Tameside Karate

Vocabulary

During your Karate journey you will hear a number of Japanese phrases and terminology.

You can find a translated list of some of the phrases that you are likely to encounter.

Numbers

Phrase
 Translation
Ichi / Sho
One [1]
Ni
Two [2]
San
Three [3]
Shi / Yon
Four [4]
Go
Five [5]
Roku
Six [6]
Shichi / Nana
Seven [7]
Hachi
Eight [8]
Kyuu 
Nine [9]
Juu
Ten [10]
Juu-Ichi
Eleven [11]
Juu-Ni
Twelve [12]
Juu-San
Thirteen [13]
Ni-Juu
Twenty [20]
Ni-Juu-Ichi
Twenty-One [21]
Ni-Juu-Ni
Twenty-Two [22]
Ni-Juu-San
Twenty-Three [23]
San-Juu
Thirty [30]
Shi-Juu
Forty [40]
Hyaku
One-Hundred [100]

General Terms

Phrase
 Translation
Karate
Empty Hand
Do
The Way
Karate-Do
Way of the Empty Hand
Dojo
The place where one walks the way
Hombu
Headquarters
Shomen
Front (also focal point of the dojo) / Forwards
Ushiro
Back / Backwards
Sensei
Teacher / One who has previously walked the path
Sempai
Senior student
Karateka
Karate student
Otagai
All students
Gi
Uniform
Kai
Association
Ryu
Style
Budo
Way of War
Bushido
Way of the Warrior
Kata
Pre-arranged formal exercise
Kihon
Basic techniques
Kumite
Sparring
Kobudo
Weapons study
Bunkai
Practical application of techniques

Bowing Ceremony / Courtesy / Training Commence and End

Phrase
Translation
Rei
Respect, courtesy (bow)
Seiza
Formal kneeling/sitting position
Mokuso
Silent thoughts, meditation
Mokuso Yame
Stop meditation
Shomen ni rei
Bow to front
Sensei Ni Rei
Bow to Sensei
Otagai Ni Rei
Bow to each other
Onegaishimasu
Please (help/teach me/do me the honour)
Arigato Gozaimashita
Thank you very much
Sumimasen
Excuse me
Gomen nasai
I’m sorry

Body

Phrase
 Translation

Training Terms and Direction

Phrase
 Translation
Yoi
Ready Position, Get Ready
Yame
Stop
Haijime
Begin, Start
Naotte
Relax
Shomen
Forwards
Ushiro
Backwards
Migi
Right
Hidari
Left
Jodan
Head level
Chudan
Mid level
Gedan
Low level
Kiai
Shout / Emphasis
Kime
Focus
Hara
Centre of mass
Maai
Distancing (between yourself and your opponent)
Mawate
Turn
Morote
Both hands at same time
Waza
Technique
Chikara
Power

Stance

Phrase
 Translation
Heisoku Dachi
Ready stance (feet together, toes forward)
Musube Dachi
Ready stance (feet together, toes pointed outward)
Heiko / Ayumi Dachi
Natural position (toes forward)
Hachiji Dachi
Natural position (toes pointed outward)
Naifanchi / Kiba Dachi
Horse stance (straddle horse, toes forward)
Shiko Dachi
Square stance (straddle horse, toes pointed outward)
Neko Ashi Dachi
Cat stance
Zenkutsu Dachi
Forward stance
Kokutsu Dachi
Back stance
Kosa Dachi
Crossed-leg stance
Sanchin Dachi
Tension stance
Sagiashi Dachi
One-leg, crane stance
Sochin Dachi
Free stance

Strike

Phrase
Translation 
Zuki
Punching or thrusting strike
Uchi
Other strikes
Ate
Joint strikes
Oi zuki
Lunge punch
Gyaku zuki
Reverse (rear) punch
Age zuki
Rising punch
Ura ken uchi
Backhand snapping strike
Shuto uchi
Knife hand chop
Gyaku shuto
Reverse chop
Morote zuki
U-punch
Kizami zuki
Leading punch, jab
Tettsui uchi
Bottom fist strike
Nuki-te zuki
Spearhand strike
Haito uchi
Ridgehand strike
Kagi zuki
Hook punch
Heiko zuki
Double punch
Teisho zuki
Palm heel thrust
Keiko ken zuki
One knuckle fist
Hijiate
Upward elbow strike
Yoko hijiate
Side elbow strike
Mawashi hijiate
Circular elbow strike
Otoshi hijiate
Downward elbow strike
Ushiro hijiate
ear elbow strike

Kick Techniques

Phrase
 Translation
Mae Geri
Front snap kick with ball of foot
Yoko Geri Kekomi
Side thrust kick with outside edge of foot
Yoko Geri Keage
Side snap kick with outside edge of foot
Fumikomi geri
Stomp kick
Mawashi Geri
Roundhouse kick (outside)
Ushiro Mawashi Geri
Reverse (inside) roundhouse kick
Ushiro Geri
Back thrust kick
Mikazuki Geri
Crescent kick (outside to inside)
Soto Mikazuki Geri
Crescent kick (inside to outside)
Hiza Geri
Knee strike
Mae tobi Geri
Jumping/flying front kick
Mae tobi nidan geri
Jumping/flying double front kick
Tobi ushio mawashi
Flying spinning roundhouse kick
Tobi sokuto
Flying side kick
Ashi barai
Foot sweep
 
Kasokutei
Heel of the foot

Block Techniques

Phrase
 Translation
Uke
Block / To receive
Harai Uke
Downward block
Age Uke
Upper block
Yoko / Uchi Uke
Inside forearm block
Yoko Uchi Uke
Outside forearm block
Juji Uke
X block open hand
Gedan Juji Uke
Downward X block (closed hand)
Gedan Ude Uke
Forearm block (gedan level)
Shuto Uke
Knife-hand block
Morote Uke
Double foreman block (augmented)
Tetsui uke
Hammer fist block
Kakiwake Uke
Separating block
Nagashi Uke
Sweeping block
Hiji Uke
Elbow block
Kakete
Hooking hand block
Kakete Uke
Hook and sweep block
Kote Uke
Arch wrist block (back of hand)
Ko Uke
Wrist block
Sukui Uke
Scooping block
Osae Uke
Press block
Tora guchi
Two-handed circular block ending in a push

Other Phrases

Phrase
 Translation
Sanbon zuki
3 punches
Ippon Kumite
One step sparring (block and counter)
Jiyu Kumite
Free one step sparring
Sanbon Kumite
Three step sparring
Jiyu Kumite
Controlled continuous free fighting
Shobu Sanbon Kumite
3 point competition karate
Go No Sen
Defense, then attack
Sen No Sen
Block and counter simultaneously
Sen
Strike before attack arrives
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